Quick Facts About Jamaica

Head of State of Jamaica
Jamaica’s Head of State is Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain. When Jamaica gained independence from Britain on 6th August 1962, she chose not to become a republic and to keep The British Monarch as Head of State. The Queen is represented in Jamaica by The Governor-General. The Prime Minister of Jamaica nominates the Governor-General and The Queen accepts and confirms the nomination. The Governor-General represents the Queen on ceremonial occasions such as the opening of Parliament, the presentation of national honors and military parades, appointing, disciplining and dismissing government officials, and so on. According to the Jamaican Constitution, only in a few cases is The Governor-General empowered to act entirely on his own discretion, such as granting a pardon to anyone convicted of an offence. The current Governor-General is His Excellency The Most Honourable Sir Patrick Allen, ON, GCMG, CD


Head of Government of Jamaica


The Head of Government of Jamaica is The Prime Minister. The current Prime Minister is The Most Honourable Portia Simpson Miller, ON, MP. Every 5 years there is a general election held in Jamaica and The Prime Minister is appointed from the winning party. A general election may be held before the end of a 5-year period, if the current prime minister wishes to do so.


Currency that is used in Jamaica


The official currency of Jamaica is the Jamaican dollar. Jamaican bills (banknotes) come in denominations of 50, 100, 500, 1000, and 5000 dollars. Jamaican coins come in 1, 5, 10, and 20 dollar denominations (older coins, which currently have no real value but are still legal, come in denominations of 1, 10, and 25 Jamaican cents.
Most places in Jamaica, but not all, related to the tourist industry will accept both Jamaican dollars and United States dollars. Places that are not related to the tourist industry often will only accept Jamaican dollars.


Languages spoken in Jamaica


English is the official language of Jamaica. A dialect based on English, known as Jamaican patois, is also widely spoken


National Emblems of Jamaica